Learning theories & inquiry paradigms

It was in 1910 when psychologists began to become captivated by learning concepts and learning theories. The 1930s and 1940s are sometimes called the golden age of learning theory; this was when learning became the heart and soul of psychology. About the conceptualization, another interesting approach is an in-depth comprehension of learning theories.

In the business administration area (higher education), I have not come across any course that deals with learning theories & inquiry paradigms with theoretical elaboration and their applications. This article briefly encapsulates the learning theories and inquiry paradigms.

Timeline of Learning theories

If research is a…


For the majority of management students market research is all about quantitative analysis with charts and graphs. Very little, we appreciate the importance of qualitative methods; and try to explore the larger picture of research in general. My previous article discussed the mind map for beginners, as a response — a couple of young researchers felt, that they dwell in the horns of the dilemma of the ‘truth’ and a ‘belief’. When they draw a mind map (finding a Rhino), it is either their belief that dominates or the existing truth. Hence, leading to some uncertainty.

Many times, we see…


In this article, I wish to share the conceptualisation approach that helped me eliminate unnecessary elements of ideas. Through this approach, I also learnt to channelise my over-excitement, especially during the initial days of my academic writing. This is for someone who is attempting to write a research paper for the first time!

Often, a few academicians (well experienced) or research scholars say — “I have a brilliant research idea”, but most of the time this idea is either a catchy phrase or unfamiliar terms, or some meta-lingual verbatim — often this idea is romanticised out of sheer excitement! Hence…


The hardest part of proposal preparation is structuring one’s thoughts in the areas of research and impressively articulating those thoughts. Another common hurdle students’ face is outlining their thesis proposal. In my previous article- How to approach a Master’s thesis, I emphasized — how one can be scientific and systematic in his/her thought process. In this article, sharing two key components of the proposal. A proposal is vital for two reasons: i. why a chosen topic qualifies to be the Master’s thesis project and ii. Motivation and commitment to documenting high-quality academic work.

Only a few students internalize the idea…


Apart from research publications — often, I receive questions on writing the thesis, both a master’s thesis as well as a doctoral thesis. What I have learnt from those queries is cluelessness! A very few know about their research interest, identified research gap and proposed contribution. But for many, it is another assignment with a substantial length which is crucial to obtain their degree that they have enrolled. A master thesis is an opportunity to apply the learning for holistic development as a professional. On a special request from my students, sharing with you quick tips to approach master’s thesis:


When I wrote my first article, a couple of my friends, who are beginners in academic research, asked me about author submission, publication fee, desk rejection etc. Therefore, I thought of elaborating on some of the commonly used terms in the research publication. After receiving positive responses to my previous article (Five mistakes to avoid while submitting a research article to the scholarly journal), I am motivated to write more about academic research. It is always encouraging to have found the audience who relates to your perspective. When I began exploring my research interest, the following points were new and…


My colleagues, students and young researchers ask me about research methodology related questions, appropriate tools to use in a research paper or how to choose the right journal to submit the scholarly article so that the research papers receive an acceptance from the journal. However, I am still learning the rules of the game and thought of sharing the mistakes, that I did a few years ago which you can avoid while submitting a research article. The following errors are a big ‘no-no’ when you plan to submit your research paper.

1. Not following author submission guidelines

The first mistake…

Krupa A Rai, PhD

Academic | Researcher | Behavioural Scientist

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